Growth & development issues in children
Signs of a Healthy Baby
- A healthy baby looks plump, but not fat.
- There is regular increase in height and weight.
- TEyes are bright and clear.
- He looks alert, curious and interested.
- Skin is smooth and hair is shiny.
- The baby appears tireless, movements are quick.
Motor, Motor Skills, Social, Language & Cognition Development
- Lifts chin slightly when placed on stomach.
- Follows moving objects with eyes.
- Gains information through senses.
- Prefers faces to objects.
- Preference for human face.
- Head lags when pulled to sitting position.
- Lifts chest well above surface when placed on stomach.
- Holds head partially.
- Cries to indicate needs.
- Can distinguish between familiar voices.
- Follows moving object 180 degrees.
- Listens to voice & coos.
Three to four months
- Reaches for objects, but unsteadily.
- No head leg when pulled to sitting position.
- Holds head steady.
- Rolls from side to back or back to side.
- Has complete head control when sitting in lap.
- Holds head erect when carried.
- Recognizes mother's face.
- May not like strangers.
- Grasps object that touch hand.
- Tries to swipe at objects.
- Interested in own hands and feet.
- Listen to music.
- Makes sounds, says "aah", "nagh".
- Reacts when mother talks.
- Smiles and laughs.
- When held erect, pushes with feet.
- Sees pallet, but makes no move to reach for it.
- Excited at sight of food.
Five to six months
- Sits alone briefly.
- Reaches and grasps objects, but awkwardly.
- Turns completely over when laid on back or stomach (prone to supine & supine to prone)
- Prefers to sit with support.
- Reaches and grabs objects.
- Studies objects.
- Looks for objects that are dropped.
- Plays peek - a - boo.
- Recognizes own name.
- Distinguishes between friendly and angry voices.
- Indicates pleasure and displeasure with sounds.
Seven to Eight months
- Reaches for spoon.
- Pull self up.
- Sits briefly.
- Can sit properly.
- Propels self by elbows, knees, or squirming motion.
- Eats with fingers.
- Picks up large objects.
- Imitates the actions of other.
- Smiles at self in mirror.
- Sorts objects by size.
- Recognizes some word sounds.
- Babbles i.e. makes verbal sounds without meaning
Nine to Ten months
- Reaches for and manipulates objects with good control.
- Picks up medium size objects as well as large ones.
- Stands holding on to furniture.
- More skillful with spoon.
- Creeps on hands and knees.
- Walks when led.
- Searches for hidden objects.
- Takes objects out of containers and puts them in.
- Plays pat -a cake.
- May say a few words
- Obeys simple commands.
- Creeps or crawl
- Repetitive consonant sounds ("mama", "dada")
- Waves bye-bye
Eleven to Twelve months
- Stands alone.
- May even walk alone.
- Shows preference for one hand over the other.
- Holds and drinks from a cup.
- Fits blocks or boxes inside each other.
- Picks up small objects using thumb and forefinger.
- Handles objects skillfully.
- Knows some parts of body.
- Can pick up small objects.
- Understands many words.
- Says a few words besides "mama", "dada".
- Makes postural adjustment to dressing.
1 to 1½ Years
- Gradually improves from taking a few unsteady steps to walking well.
- Stoops to pick up toys.
- Turn several pages of a book at a time.
- Picks up small objects easily using thumb and forefinger.
- May name a familiar object.
- Hugs parents
- Identifies one or more part of body
1½ to 2 Years
- Runs fairly well.
- Can stand on one foot.
- Learns to walk up and down stairs, keeping both feet on each step.
- Buttons large buttons.
- Pulls down zipper.
- Turns door knobs.
- Stacks several cubes to from a tower.
2 to 2½ Years
- Walks with more coordination and confidence.
- Jumps off bottom step of stairs.
- Pushes self on wheeled toys.
- Turn pages of a book, one at a time.
2½ to 3 Years
- Runs, but cannot stop accurately; runs into things.
- Alternates feet going up stairs, but not going down.
- Kicks ball.
- Builds towers of about eight blocks.
- Draws horizontal and vertical lines, circles.
- Strings large beads.
- Refers to self by pronoun "I".
- Washes hands.
3 to 4 Years
- Jumps up and down.
- Skips and hops, Balances on one foot.
- Walks on tiptoe. Rides a tricycle.
- Catches a ball with arms straight.
- Builds towers of about nine or ten blocks Makes a bridge of three blocks.
- Cuts with scissors.
- Draws recognizable pictures.
- Uses a fork and spoon with little spilling.
- Dresses and undresses self.
- Cuts on line with scissors.
- Can jump forward as well as up and down.
- Ties shoelaces.
- Draws recognizable person.
- Skillfully picks up very small items.
- Draws alphabet letters.
- Stands and balances on tiptoe for short period.
- Buttons and zips clothes.
- Asks questions about meaning of words.
- Throws and catches balls with more ease and accuracy
- Cuts, pastes, molds, and colors skillfully.
- Writes entire words.
9.30 AM - 1.30 PM
5.30 PM - 8.00 PM
9.30 AM - 1.30 PM