The term eczema is broadly applied to persistent or recurring skin rashes characterized by redness, itching and dryness, with possible scaling in more advanced stages.
Atopic dermatits is most common in children. While most children grow out of eczema, they may have a tendency to have a dry and sensitive skin in adulthood. Allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis are other types. Recognizing the correct type of eczema is essential for right treatment.
Eczema treatment is complex and includes a prolonged skin care under expert guidance. Topical steroids are the mainstay of treatment for eczema. Other treatment modalities include moisturizers, topical and oral antibiotics, anti histamines, local immune modulators and other local applications.
Eczema is not contagious Trigger factors may be different for different people.
In case of food allergy, likely offenders are eggs, milk, peanuts, soy, wheat, and seafood.