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Growth & development issues in children


Signs of a Healthy Baby

    • A healthy baby looks plump, but not fat.
    • There is regular increase in height and weight.
    • TEyes are bright and clear.
    • He looks alert, curious and interested.
    • Skin is smooth and hair is shiny.
    • The baby appears tireless, movements are quick.

MOTOR, MOTOR SKILLS, SOCIAL, LANGUAGE & COGNITION DEVELOPMENT

One month

    • Lifts chin slightly when placed on stomach.
    • Follows moving objects with eyes.
    • Gains information through senses.
    • Prefers faces to objects.
    • Preference for human face.
    • Head lags when pulled to sitting position.

Two months

    • Lifts chest well above surface when placed on stomach.
    • Holds head partially.
    • Cries to indicate needs.
    • Can distinguish between familiar voices.
    • Follows moving object 180 degrees.
    • Listens to voice & coos.

Three to four months

    • Reaches for objects, but unsteadily.
    • No head leg when pulled to sitting position.
    • Holds head steady.
    • Rolls from side to back or back to side.
    • Has complete head control when sitting in lap.
    • Holds head erect when carried.
    • Recognizes mother’s face.
    • May not like strangers.
    • Grasps object that touch hand.
    • Tries to swipe at objects.
    • Interested in own hands and feet.
    • Listen to music.
    • Makes sounds, says “aah”, “nagh”.
    • Reacts when mother talks.
    • Smiles and laughs.
    • When held erect, pushes with feet.
    • Sees pallet, but makes no move to reach for it.
    • Excited at sight of food.

Five to six months

    • Sits alone briefly.
    • Reaches and grasps objects, but awkwardly.
    • Turns completely over when laid on back or stomach (prone to supine & supine to prone)
    • Prefers to sit with support.
    • Reaches and grabs objects.
    • Studies objects.
    • Looks for objects that are dropped.
    • Plays peek – a – boo.
    • Recognizes own name.
    • Distinguishes between friendly and angry voices.
    • Indicates pleasure and displeasure with sounds.

Seven to eight months

    • Reaches for spoon.
    • Pull self up.
    • Sits briefly
    • Can sit properly.
    • Propels self by elbows, knees, or squirming motion.
    • Eats with fingers.
    • Picks up large objects.
    • Imitates the actions of other.
    • Smiles at self in mirror.
    • Sorts objects by size.
    • Recognizes some word sounds.
    • Babbles i.e. makes verbal sounds without meaning

Nine to ten months

    • Reaches for and manipulates objects with good control.
    • Picks up medium size objects as well as large ones.
    • Stands holding on to furniture.
    • More skillful with spoon.
    • Creeps on hands and knees.
    • Walks when led.
    • Searches for hidden objects.
    • Takes objects out of containers and puts them in.
    • Plays pat -a cake.
    • May say a few words
    • Obeys simple commands.
    • Creeps or crawl
    • Repetitive consonant sounds (“mama”, “dada”)
    • Waves bye-bye

Eleven to twelve months

    • Stands alone.
    • May even walk alone.
    • Shows preference for one hand over the other.
    • Holds and drinks from a cup.
    • Fits blocks or boxes inside each other.
    • Picks up small objects using thumb and forefinger.
    • Handles objects skillfully.
    • Knows some parts of body.
    • Can pick up small objects.
    • Understands many words.
    • Says a few words besides “mama”, “dada”.
    • Makes postural adjustment to dressing.

1 to 1½ Years

    • Gradually improves from taking a few unsteady steps to walking well.
    • Stoops to pick up toys.
    • Turn several pages of a book at a time.
    • Picks up small objects easily using thumb and forefinger.
    • Scribbles.
    • May name a familiar object.
    • Hugs parents
    • Identifies one or more part of body

1½ to 2 Years

    • Runs fairly well.
    • Can stand on one foot.
    • Learns to walk up and down stairs, keeping both feet on each step.
    • Buttons large buttons.
    • Pulls down zipper.
    • Turns door knobs.
    • Stacks several cubes to from a tower.

2 to 2½ Years

    • Walks with more coordination and confidence.
    • Jumps off bottom step of stairs.
    • Pushes self on wheeled toys.
    • Turn pages of a book, one at a time.

2½ to 3 Years

    • Runs, but cannot stop accurately; runs into things.
    • Alternates feet going up stairs, but not going down.
    • Kicks ball.
    • Builds towers of about eight blocks.
    • Draws horizontal and vertical lines, circles.
    • Strings large beads.
    • Refers to self by pronoun “I”.
    • Washes hands.

3 to 4 Years

    • Jumps up and down.
    • Skips and hops, Balances on one foot.
    • Walks on tiptoe. Rides a tricycle.
    • Catches a ball with arms straight.
    • Builds towers of about nine or ten blocks Makes a bridge of three blocks.
    • Cuts with scissors.
    • Draws recognizable pictures.
    • Uses a fork and spoon with little spilling.

Four Year

    • Dresses and undresses self.
    • Cuts on line with scissors.
    • Can jump forward as well as up and down.

Five Years

    • Ties shoelaces.
    • Draws recognizable person.
    • Skillfully picks up very small items.
    • Draws alphabet letters.
    • Stands and balances on tiptoe for short period.
    • Buttons and zips clothes.
    • Asks questions about meaning of words.

Six Years

    • Throws and catches balls with more ease and accuracy
    • Cuts, pastes, molds, and colors skillfully.
    • Writes entire words.

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Bindal clinic is a premier Child, Skin and cosmetology clinic in Gurgaon City.

This clinic, established in 1993, is spread over 5000sq.ft area and was the first clinic to open in Gurgaon for skin & Cosmetology patients.

Contact Info

Clinic Address :
Bindal Clinic
Old Railway Road, Near-
Prem Mandir, Gurgaon

Mobile : +91 9810030327
E-mail : bindalclinic@gmail.com

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