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Paediatric Clinic


Common symptoms in children and how to manage them at home

1. Fever

    • Home care
    • If the child is comfortable and eating well
        • Encourage extra fluids, such as plain water, juice mixed with water, or an ORS solution.
        • Child with fever needs rest and sleep.
        • Dress the child lightly (unless child is shivering).
    • If the fever is over 102 F (38.9 C) and child is uncomfortable
        • Give the child acetaminophen.
        • Do not use aspirin to treat the fever.
    • If the fever is 104 F (40 C) or higher
        • Give the child acetaminophen as directed by your Pediatrician. Wait 30 minutes. If the fever is not reduced, give a sponge bath.
        • Use lukewarm water.
        • Don’t use cold water or ice.
        • Do not use alcohol for rubbing.
        • Continue sponging for 20 to 30 minutes.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child
        • Give the child acetaminophen as directed by your Pediatrician. Wait 30 minutes. If the fever is not reduced, give a sponge bath.
        • Is less than 2 years old and has a fever for more than 36 to 48 hours with no clear cause or location of infection. Don’t wait if child’s condition seems to be getting worse.
        • Has his or her first fever seizure (symptoms may include stiff and twitching body, rolled-back eye, and disturbed breathing, darker than usual skin).
        • Is difficult to wake up.
        • Has a stiff neck.
        • Has a rash or purple spot on the skin. Is having trouble breathing even after you clear the nose of mucus (look for unusual chest movement).
        • Has a fever and vomiting at the same time.
        • Has burning or pain when urinating.
        • Has a fever for more than 72 hours.
        • Has a fever that went away for more than 24 hours and then returned.


2. Diarrhea

        • Loose, mushy, or watery stools
    • Home care
    • Babies
        • Continue breastfeeding the baby. If the baby is being fed formula, check with the healthcare provider first.
        • Ask the healthcare provider about giving the baby a children’s electrolyte solution.
    • Children
        • If the child’s stools are mushy, give clear drinks, children’s electrolyte solution, and bland foods. If the child’s stools are watery, give electrolyte solution and bland foods.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Is less than 2 months old, is bottle-fed, and ha 3 or more watery stools in a row.
        • Has water diarrhea and clear vomit.
        • Has signs of dehydration (is not urinating, is not producing tears when crying, or has very dry mouth).
        • Has blood in stool.
        • Has stomach pain for more than 2 hours.
        • Is moving very slowly or is hard to wake up.
        • Has diarrhea 8 times in 8 hours.
        • Can’t control the bowels because of diarrhea.
        • Has had contact with someone who has bacterial diarrhea or giardia.
        • Has a fever over 104 F (40 C).
    • Role of zinc in diarrhea
        • Supplementation with zinc improves diarrhea and helps children maintain a more adequate zinc status during the convalescent period.
        • The combined recommendation of zinc and ORS is a safe, effective and inexpensive diarrhea treatment for children.
    • Prevention
        • Wash your hands after changing diapers.
        • Teach children to wash their hands after using the toilet.


3. Vomiting

        • Throwing up stomach contents.
    • Home care
        • For the first 24 hours, keep the child off solid foods and give clear fluids like water, ORS solution, Shikanjavi and coconut water.
        • Avoid drinks with caffeine in them.
        • When your child has not vomited for 12 to 24 hours, gradually return the child to his or her normal diet, along with plenty of clear fluids.
        • Don’t give the child any medicine or remedies unless instructed by the healthcare provider.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Is less than 2 months old and has vomited more than two times.
        • Has clear vomit and watery diarrhea.
        • Has signs of dehydration (is not urinating, is not producing tears when crying, or has very dry mouth).
        • is unable to drink enough fluid.
        • Has blood or bile (green-colored material) in the vomit.
        • Has pain in the lower stomach on right side.
        • Is moving very slowly or is hard to wake up.
        • Has a stiff neck.
        • May have ingested poison or spoiled food.
        • Has been vomiting on and off for over 12 hours.
        • May be vomiting due to a medication.
        • Has a swollen stomach.
        • Has convulsions.


4. Cold

      • Runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, red eyes
      • Sore throat, cough, hoarse voice
      • Headache, body ache
      • Fever
    • Home care
    • Babies
        • Clear the baby’s stuffy nose. Salt water nose drops can also be used.
    • Children
        • Clear the child’s stuffy nose. If the child is 2 years or older, give decongestants.
        • If streaks of mucus (thick, white liquid) appear on the back of the child’s throat, have the child gargle with saltwater.
    • All ages
        • If the child’s nose becomes red and raw, put a small amount of petroleum jelly on the sore area.
        • Make sure the child is drinking plenty of liquids.
        • Have the child get extra rest (but he or she doesn’t need to stay home in bed).
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Has a symptom of an ear infection.
        • Has a very sore throat.
        • Has mucus coming out of the nose for 10 days.
        • Has not been hungry for more than 5 days and is moving very slowly.
        • Has a fever for more than 3 days.
    • Prevention
        • Teach children to wash their hands often.
        • Don’t let children touch their noses, eyes, and mouths.
        • Make sure children eat well, get plenty of sleep, and exercise regularly.
        • Try to keep children away from people with colds.


5. Cough & Croup

    • Symptoms
    • Cough:
        • Often occurs with a cold.
        • Dry, tickly cough that may turn wet.
    • Croup:
        • Tight, barking cough.
        • Hoarse voice.
        • Loud breathing.
    • Home care
        • Give the child cough suppressants only if he or she can’t sleep due to cough. Also, give cough medication to the child only if he or she is 2 years or older.
        • If the child has a dry cough, use a cool mist humidifier.
        • Give the child plenty of fluids.
        • Encourage the child to rest until he or she is well.
        • Keep the child away from cigarette smoke.
    • Consult your Pediatrician immediately, if the child:
        • Passes out or if the child’s lips turn blue.
        • Could have something caught in his or her windpipe.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Is less than 1 month old and has cough or croup symptoms.
        • Is breathing very fast or having trouble breathing (even after his or her nose is cleared).
        • Coughs up blood.
        • Has a cough for more than 72 hours and is not getting better.
        • Nonstop cough for more than one hour.
        • Vomits more than three times in 1 day because of coughing.


6. Ear ache

      • Ear pain
      • Ringing in ears
      • Trouble hearing
      • Headache
      • Runny nose
      • Fever
      • Tugging on ears (for children who can’t yet talk).
    • Home care:
        • To help ease pain, give the child acetaminophen.
        • Hold a warm cloth on the ear to help ease pain.
        • Give the child plenty of fluids.
        • Encourage the child to rest until he or she is well.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Has a stiff neck.
        • Has an earache for more than 2 hours.
        • Has drainage from an ear.
    • Prevention
        • Feed babies upright. Don’t let a baby fall asleep with a bottle in his or her mouth.
        • Teach children to blow their noses gently with their mouths open.
        • Keep children away from cigarette smoke.


6. Constipation

    • Symptoms
        • Discomfort while passing stools
        • Difficulty in passing stools due to dry hard stools
    • Homecare
        • Give the child plenty of water, juice, fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread & salad.
        • Give the child less dairy foods.
        • Don’t give the child bananas, rice or rice cereal.
        • Encourage your child to be active.
    • Consult your Pediatrician if the child:
        • Is in extreme pain or has been in constant pain for 4 hours or more.
        • Does not have a bowel movement within 3 days after starting Homecare.
        • Has anal sores that bleed or are deep and won’t heal.
        • Leaks liquid stool in between infrequent hard, dry stools.
        • Has cramps or pain repeatedly.
        • Is often constipated.
    • Prevention
        • Make sure the child eats high-fiber foods and drinks plenty of water.
        • Teach the child to move his or her bowels regularly.

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Bindal clinic is a premier Child, Skin and cosmetology clinic in Gurgaon City.

This clinic, established in 1993, is spread over 5000sq.ft area and was the first clinic to open in Gurgaon for skin & Cosmetology patients.

Contact Info

Clinic Address :
Bindal Clinic
Old Railway Road, Near-
Prem Mandir, Gurgaon

Mobile : +91 9810030327
E-mail : bindalclinic@gmail.com

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